How was conglomerate cliffs at Cypress Hills formed?
The formation was created when glaciers pushed the surrounding terrain up. It’s known to be less effected by erosion than the surrounding plain, and about 200 sq km (80 sq mi) on the Alberta side was also left untouched by glacial erosion.
Why did the Cypress Hills massacre happen?
The heritage value of Cypress Hills Massacre National Historic Site of Canada resides in its witness to the event of June 1, 1873 when a group of American “wolfers” attacked the Nakoda camp near Farwell’s and Solomon’s trading posts in a dispute over horses.
How high are the Cypress Hills?
How do you find a hidden conglomerate cliff?
The “Hidden” Conglomerate Cliffs are accessible only by trail, a part of the Trans Canada Trail that is shared amongst hikers, equestrian riders and mountain bikers. Road and trail to cliffs are not accessible during wet conditions, contact park office for more information.
Are there bears in Cypress Hills?
Animals. The varied plant communities here provide homes for many animals including elk, moose, wild turkeys, deer, pine martens and cougars. There are no bears in the Cypress Hills (the last one was shot in 1890).
Where did the Cypress Hills Formation get its name?
The Cypress Hills Formation is a stratigraphical unit of Oligocene age in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin. It takes the name from the Cypress Hills, and was first described in outcrops on the slopes of the Cypress Hills by M.Y. Williams and W.S. Dyer in 1930.
When was Cypress Hills provincial park in Alberta created?
The Cypress Hills Provincial Park in Saskatchewan was established in 1931, and it was extended into Alberta in 1951, and Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park was created in 1989 which joined the parks on either side of the provincial border and also includes Fort Walsh National Historic Site.
How big is the Cypress Hills Formation in Saskatchewan?
The Cypress Hills Formation is composed of loose quartzitic gravel and sand, occasionally conglomerate and marl . The Cypress Hills Formation reaches a maximum thickness of 80 metres (260 ft) in the sub-surface in Saskatchewan, and is typically 40 metres (130 ft) thick.
Why are the Cypress Hills located in Montana?
Due to their higher elevation, the upper slopes and summit of the Cypress Hills experience cooler temperatures and greater rainfall than the surrounding semi-arid plains, and they support a flora and fauna that is much like that of the mountains south of the United States-Canada border in Montana and Wyoming.